A tree that reaches 25-30 m tall, whose longevity can exceed 1000 years of Mediterranean origin.
- Proteins, iron, magnesium, carbohydrates, manganese, copper, zinc, sodium, calcium, vitamins B1 and B2, vitamin C
- Tannins, castalgine, vescalgine, acid and triterpenic alcohol
The aqueous extracts from leaves and tincture have sedative action on the respiratory centers, especially on the cough center. Leaves, along with other plants, are indicated in phytotherapeutic preparations for the production of antitussive drugs. Bark, due to the high tannin content, is recommended in diarrhea. Rice-baked nuts are especially recommended for those suffering from cardiovascular and renal diseases and those predisposed to varicose veins and hemorrhoids. Due to the nutritional and energizing value, it is recommended for children and the elderly.