Botanical Name: Citrus Limon,
A shrub of the Rutaceae family, native to Asia, from 5 to 10 m tall, considered eternally green. The mature fruit has an elongated spherical shape and bark in colors ranging from light green to bright yellow. The fruit reaches maturity late autumn in the northern hemisphere. The pulp is succulent, rich in acids and vitamin C, which has made the brow - due to light conservation - distributed worldwide by seafarers who used it to prevent scurvy. The fruit is used for culinary and non-culinary purposes throughout the world - primarily for juice, although pulp and peel are also used to cook. Lemon juice contains about 5% -6% (about 0.3M) of citric acid, giving it a sour taste and a pH of 2-3. The distinctive sour taste of lemon juice makes it a key ingredient in many dishes around the world.
When you eat a slice of lemon or drink a fresh lemonade, you get more than a wrinkled tongue and sour taste in your mouth.
Lemon is a very rich source of healing chemical compounds that improve immunity, strengthen blood vessels, help heal the skin and even block the development of certain cells that can trigger the development of cancer.
When you're cold, do not underestimate the role of vitamin C or the advice to consume lemon beverages.
Citrine Vitamin C reduces the level of histamine in the body, a substance that contributes to nasal and ocular congestion.
Vitamin C is also a powerful antioxidant that also causes levels of unstable molecules to destroy cells, known as free radicals, and helps protect against heart disease.
The body uses vitamin C to improve the activity of the cells in the immune system and to produce collagen, the substance that helps to develop tissues for wound healing.
Here are some reasons to urge you to consume lemon:
- Reduces the risk of kidney stones. Lemons contain a large amount of citric acid, a chemical that reduces calcium excretion and helps prevent the formation of painful kidney stones. Two litres of lemonade daily, prepared with fresh lemon juice is just as effective as citrate drugs.
- Strengthen the veins. Lemon juice is rich in bioflavonoid (a group of antioxidant chemicals of plant origin), which strengthens veins and capillaries and reduces pain - sometimes even the appearance of varicose veins.
- Protects against breast cancer. Limonene is another chemical found in lemon peel and white membranes beneath it. Experiments have shown that this substance has significant antitumour action. Researchers are currently studying limonene for its potential uses in the treatment of cancer, especially breast cancer. It is considered to be the only alkaline pH fruit that effectively participates in rebalancing the blood pH.
- Heals acne. Vitamin C helps the skin shine and kills the bacteria that cause acne.
- In addition to the high amount of Vitamin C, lemon also contains other beneficial vitamins, such as: Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Iron, Copper, Potassium, Magnesium or Vitamin K.
- Prevents ageing. Due to these minerals and vitamins it contains, lemon participates in the healthy maintenance of tissues in the body, preventing the aging process and increasing longevity.
- Due to the natural fibres and cleansing substances it contains, lemon purifies the intestines and intensifies the evacuation movements of the intestinal contents, preventing and treating constipation.