Botanical Name: Chelidonium majus
Herbaceous species also known as grass for wilderness is maximum 1 m tall.
When the stem and branches break, a yellow juice becomes mushy which becomes orange by oxidation. It is the only species in Europe that has yellow-orange juice.
The leaves are large, alternately placed and the flowers are yellow. Blooms in May or the second time in August-September.
- North Africa
- Parts of Western Asia
- Chelidonine, alpha and beta homochelidone, mesoxichelidonine, coptisine, stilopine.
- Vitamin C, resins, essential oil, flavonoid substance, saponosides and mineral salts
Some of the alkaloids contained in the plant have sedative and narcotic action on superior nerve centers, such as papaverine. Aqueous or hydroalcoholic extracts have choleretic-collagogue action, being recommended for chronic liver disease and cirrhosis.