Greater Celandine

Botanical Name: Chelidonium majus

Botanical Name:
Chelidonium majus





Herbaceous species also known as grass for wilderness is maximum 1 m tall.

When the stem and branches break, a yellow juice becomes mushy which becomes orange by oxidation. It is the only species in Europe that has yellow-orange juice.

The leaves are large, alternately placed and the flowers are yellow. Blooms in May or the second time in August-September.


  • North Africa
  • Europe
  • Parts of Western Asia

Active constituents:

  • Chelidonine, alpha and beta homochelidone, mesoxichelidonine, coptisine, stilopine.
  • Vitamin C, resins, essential oil, flavonoid substance, saponosides and mineral salts

Healing properties:

Some of the alkaloids contained in the plant have sedative and narcotic action on superior nerve centers, such as papaverine. Aqueous or hydroalcoholic extracts have choleretic-collagogue action, being recommended for chronic liver disease and cirrhosis.


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