Botanical Name: Cucumis Sativus.
Vegetable plant of the family Cucurbitaceae including pumpkin, zuchini, watermelon and cantaloup, and is grown on a large scale. It is grown in many varieties due to the variety of fruits.
The cucumber plant is a creeping vine of 1.5 - 2 m in length, which increases by hanging on the trellis or other support structures with the help of the crutches.
The plant has large leaves covering the fruit. It is cylindrical, elongated, with rounded edges, and can grow up to 60 cm, with a diameter of 10 cm. It usually grows about 10 cm in length. Cucumbers can be eaten raw or pickled.
Cucumber oil contains:
- 22.3% linoleic acid
- 58.5% oleic acid
- 6.8% palmitic acid
- 3.7% stearic acid
Cucumber is an excellent source of:
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin K
- Vitamin A
- Vitamin B6
- Pantothenic acid
Cucumber contains 95% water, carotenoids, vitamins A, B, C, fibers, calcium salts, iron, sulfur, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, mucilages and erepsin.
The cucumber has a refreshing effect (an odorless ingredient of summer salads), depurative, uric acid and urate dissolves, diuretic, light hypnotics, external astringent, stimulates the pancreas to produce insulin, blood circulation stimulant, antioxidant and moisturizer.
Cucumber consumption - raw, pickled or in the form of juice - is recommended in gout, renal lithiasis in detoxification and slimming belts due to low caloric intake and bowel cleansing capacity, constipation, adjuvant in arterial hypertension, arthritis, colic , subfebrile states, indigestion.
In domestic use it can be consumed raw or in the form of juice.
In combination with carrot juice, black radish and red beet (in equal quantities) can help remove kidney stones.
The cucumber decoction (one spoon in a cup of water) calms the expectorant cough. Drinking two cups a day.
In external use, slices of cucumber are used, which have an anti-inflammatory effect on skin irritations, for the soothing and restoring effect of the Ph-skin due to astringent, acne, dermatoses, freckles, skin patches, dilated pores, wrinkles and sunburn.
Precautions and contraindications
Most studies show that there are no side effects or contraindications to cucumbers. However, people with severe hypertension, ascites or other conditions where the massive intake of fluids in the body is limited will consume these vegetables, containing 95% water. There are also people whose digestion does not fit very well with cucumbers (in very rare cases they produce indigestion, abdominal pain, nausea).
Cucumber pulp mask moisturizes dry, aging, tired, tanned skin, helps clean the pores, soothes and degreases, refreshes the skin and revitalizes it.
Cucumber slices applied to the eyes also help remove the dark circles.
Sulfur and silicon in the cucumber composition helps to cleanse and soften the skin, and fresh juice used to rinse hair helps to increase it and prevent hair loss.
Is Cucumber a Fruit or Vegetable?
The plant develops from a closed seed. From a scientific point of view, the result of pollinating the cucumber plant is a fruit. Its classification as a vegetable, as in the case of tomatoes and courgette, for example, is arbitrary and is mainly based on its use in the kitchen.