Botanical Name: Vaccinium myrtillus L.
Vaccinium myrtillus L.
The bilberry plant, a low-growing shrub with flowers seen in red, blue and purple colours.
Bilberry is native to Northern Europe and also grows in North America and northern Asia.
Its image belies a medically beneficial plant.
- Northern Europe
- Vitamin C, vitamin K
- Calcium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, potassium
Most notably, the bilberry, also known as Vaccinium myrtillus L. in the medical world, is one of the richest natural sources of anthocyanins. Anthocyanins are polyphenolic components that give it its blue/black colour and super-high antioxidant content.
Some people use bilberry for conditions of the heart and blood vessels including hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), varicose veins, decreased blood flow in the veins, and chest pain.
The leaves are astringent, favourably alter intestinal pathogenic flora, have hypoglycemic action and are used in the preparation of diabetic tea.
Fruits, due to anthocyanins, have vascular protection, especially reticulum, favouring visual acuity and adapting the eye to darkness.