Botanical Name: Atropa Belladonna
A perennial, vigorous herbaceous plant, 0.5m to 1.5m high. In the first year there is only one strain, and in the following years, there are several strains, straight, branched, green or violet reddish.
The leaves are oval-shaped, with the entire rim. The flowers appear solitary, at the axle of the leaves with tubular corolla, with the edge of the purple-brown or red marguerite, inside with purple veins. Fruits are spherical spheres of the size of a cherry, which, as they become mature, switch from glossy green to black.
Europe, North Africa, Western Asia
- Monocyclic volatile alkaloids, esters alkaloids, scopanou esters, tropanols
- Crystalline acid, asparagine, choline, vitamin C, mineral substances
- Starch, scopoletol, mucilages, mineral salts
Plant's alkaloids have the following main actions: block cholinergic receptors from parasympathetic neuro-peptide synapses and accelerate heart rate, diminish intestinal movements and reduce secretions.
Calms the spasms of the smooth muscles.
In high doses, it excites the central nervous system and causes the musculoskeletal system.
The aforementioned pharmacodynamic actions are highlighted both in the digestive system, the bile ducts, the uterus, the bladder and the bronchial musculature. Recommended for antispasmodic action.
In very large doses, the alkaloids are toxic to the body, producing psychic excitement followed by delirium, hallucinations and death.