Botanical Name: Melissa Officinalis
Herbaceous perennial species, branched bush, 30-80 cm high, with a strong lemon smell. Above the ground, ascendant stools develop.
The opposed leaves are ovate, parosed, with the obtuse tip, penetrating nerve.
The flowers are grouped in vesticites of 5-10 flowers with bilabial calyx, corolla long about 1 cm, leaving quite a bit of calyx, yellow in the beginning, then white lily. The fruits are brown nuts, oysters, small up to 2 mm.
- Central Asia
- Rosmarinic acid, polyphenolic acids, monoterpenic glycosides.
- Essential oil, citronella, citrate a and b, methyl citronate.
The lyophilized hydroalcoholic extracts from the quintile leaves exert sedative action at relatively low doses. An analgesic action is also found, is widely used especially in Germaia as a tranquilizer and sedative in insomnia of nervous origin and functional gastroenteric disorders. It has digestive action, carminative and antispasmodic.
It has also been found that besides relaxing action on gastrointestinal muscles, it has a similar action on smooth uterine muscles. Another action is anti-inflammatory and analgesic.
Rosmarinic acid is a good anti-inflammatory and sedative, action to which its beta-carotene and other phyto-compounds are also contributing to this plant.
It has also been found that Melisa has a good antiviral activity on herpes.
It is recommended for gastrointestinal disorders, insomnia, epileptic and carminative.
It also gives good results in anxiety and irritability.