Rhinitis

Description, Symptoms, Complications, Therapy.

This group of disorders includes numerous infections (usually viral) of the upper respiratory tract (nose, larynx, trachea, bronchi). The most common is in the nasal mucosa, the localisation of which symptoms are common to all other conditions. Cooling, humidity and dust are favouring this condition. Often rhinitis may accompany some infectious diseases such as influenza, diphtheria, measles, scarlet fever.

Symptoms

  • Headache
  • General sickness (with or without fever)
  • Nasal disorder, with watery discharge in the beginning then purulent (with sneezing and nasal obstruction)
  • Sometimes: cough with low expectoration, dry throats
  • Labial herpes is common

Complications

  • Sinusitis
  • Otitis
  • Tonsillitis
  • Pneumonia

Therapy

Rhinitis treatment consists of

  • Rest
  • Sufficient liquids
  • Stable regimen
  • Anti-thermic pills
  • Rhinopharyngeal disinfection
  • Vitamin C
  • Nasal washings with physiological saline are always effective
  • Antibiotics are contraindicated

When rhinitis is caused by pollen, this is called "seasonal spasmodic nasal disorder" (occurs mainly in the spring and summer), and when triggered by other allergens, it is called "allergic rhinitis" or "spasmodic rhinitis". The treatment consists of specific desensitisation, synthesis antihistamines and corticotherapy (when needed).

 

 

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