Acute Laryngitis, Chronic Laryngitis, Laryngeal Tumors.
Laryngitis is acute or chronic, viral or bacterial inflammation of the larynx mucosa. It appears isolated or associated with rhinitis, pharyngitis or tracheitis.
The main symptom is hoarseness that can go up to aphony, dyspnea, asphyxia and dysphagia.
Acute laryngitis treatment consists of resting voice, smoking and alcohol are forbidden, relaxing in the house in a warm and humid atmosphere. Combats cough with specific drugs, nasopharyngeal disinfectants. Penicillin is administered in bacterial infections. Vitamin C can also be useful. Corticoids can sometimes be useful.
It may follow repeated acute laryngitis, chronic inhalation of irritants or allergic processes.
The main symptom is hoarseness, which is often accompanied by coughing with expectoration and dry throat sensation.
Chronic laryngitis treatment consists of fighting the cause: antibiotics in chronic infections, antihistamines in allergic forms, vocal rest, smoking ban, vitamin C.
Tumours of the larynx
These are common conditions, usually occurring in people after 50 years of age, especially in men.
Hoarseness is the main symptom. Any 50-year-old man who has hoarseness that lasts for more than 2-3 weeks should be suspected of having a laryngeal tumour. Breathless dyspneary obstruction and noisy breathing, sore throat with stings and pain transmitted to the ear and sometimes coughing, hemoptysis and dysphagia complete the clinical picture. Radical treatment is only surgical.