Acute Bronchitis

Description, Pathological Anatomy, Symptoms, Chronic Forms, Therapy.

It is an acute inflammation of the bronchial mucosa, usually of the large and medium bronchi and frequently trachea.

It can be caused by infectious factors (viruses, bacteria, pneumococcus, staphylococci, streptococci, allergic factors, irritants). The most important causes are cold, smoke, dust, moisture, excess tobacco.

Acute bronchitis is common in many diseases such as pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchial dilatation, bronchial cancer, flu, etc.

Pathological anatomy

Edema and reddish mucosal, mucous or mucopurulent.


The clinical appearance is three-phase rhino-bronchitis:

  1. a pharyngeal rhizome or rhino-pharyngeal catarrh that lasts for 1-3 days (mild fever, swallowing, burning or stuffy nose),
  2. a dry phase that lasts 2- 3 days with a dry cough, spasmodic, retrosternal pain, some moderate fever and hoarse voice,
  3. a productive stage with cough accompanied by mucosal expectoration or mucopurulence.

The disease lasts for 1-2 weeks.

Clinical forms

  • Common acute bronchitis,
  • Diffuse bronchitis that is interested in small, peripheral bronchi and accompanies marked dyspnea and alteration of the general condition,
  • Haemorrhagic tracheitis which is manifested by burns and continuous retrosternal burns.


Bronchitis treatment consists of combating septic, sinus and rhinopharyngeal outbreaks and antibiotic components in severe forms and debilitated patients.

Penicillin and tetracycline (1-2 g / day) are administered as appropriate.

Symptomatic administration of painkillers, analgesics, nasopharyngeal disinfectants, expectorants.


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